Alphard test

Home/WORKSHOP MANUALS/Alphard test
Models Hen of the work on the knowledge and notes Notes
  1. SRS air bag and seat belt pre-tensioners
    1. Disconnect the power
      1. After work went to confirm the diagnosis code、The IG switch OFF (LOCK)、After removing the negative battery terminal、Then start it after 90 seconds。

■ Note ■

Since the air bag pretensioners system is equipped with a backup power supply、When you start the air bag there is a possibility to operate the work out from the take off the battery negative terminal not after 90 seconds。

    1. General Notes
      1. Electrical inspection、Using the Toyota Electrical tester。
      2. Follow the instructions on the label that describes the notes of the peripheral system。
      3. Not disassemble。
      4. Resistance measurement is not absolutely。
    2. Air bag and pretensioner waste 却時 notes (before the operation)
      1. Not discarded absolutely not yet operating state。(Make sure to operate using the SST)
      2. Since the operation sound is quite large、To thoroughly that it works in advance to the periphery of the people。
      3. Working is carried out in a flat place that can ensure the outdoor safety。In addition residential areas such as、Avoided as much as possible working。
      4. When operating the airbag and pretensioner、Leaving more than 5m from the air bag pretensioners using the SST。
    3. Air bag and pretensioner waste 却時 notes (after activation)
      1. Actuating airbag pretensioner is left several hundred ° C or more so an over 30 minutes after operation was left by site。
    4. Driver's seat air bag ASSY & passenger air bag ASSY & curtain shield air bag ASSY & pre-tensioner Notes
      1. If you remove even such as temporarily during the work、Always store and on the deployment surface。
      2. When custody、Or place objects on top of the air bag、Do not stack up of the air bag。
    5. Wire harness、Connector Notes
      1. Except for the non-out section in the engine room、We are unified in yellow、Handled with care so special connectors are adopted。
    6. Treatment of the vehicle receives an impact in collision
      1. When using an electric welding machine、Airbag、Do the work from and remove the pre-tensioner。
      2. If the center airbag sensor ASSY and front airbags sensor could impact is applied is、Keep removed prior to the sensor ASSY and the sensor。
  1. Basic items
    1. Knowledge of work
      1. To always wear clean engineers hardware。
      2. Wear a hat and safety shoes。
Protection of vehicle
      1. Grill cover before work、Fender cover、Mounting the seat cover and floor mat。
Job security
      1. Use the wheel stop、To secure the vehicle。
      2. If you are working with two or more people、Each other to confirm each other's safety。
      3. When working over the engine、Note ventilation。
      4. Place to be a high temperature、Rotating part、When working the sliding portion and the vibrating portion、Note burns or injury。
      5. If you jack up、Support the position of defined by the rigid rack。
      6. If you lift up、Multiplied by a safety device。
Preparation of such a tool and instrument
      1. Before work、Tool stand、SST、Meter、grease、To prepare, such as cloth and replacement parts。
Desorption, decomposition and

Assembly work

      1. To diagnose in helping you fully understand the phenomenon of failure、For efficient work。
      2. Before removing the parts、State assembly、To confirm the deformation and damage situation。
      3. If the structure is complex、Take notes、Or with a combined mark so as not to affect the function。
      4. The removed parts、Perform cleaning and washing if necessary、Assembled from the inspection。
Remove parts
      1. The removed parts、So as not to confuse or dirty、To organize orderly。
      2. gasket、Non-reusable parts such as O-rings and self-locking nut、To replace it with a new one according to the instructions of the body。
      3. Replacement parts、Presented to the customer to organize, such as in a box。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd312330.gif

    1. Pre-coat bolt
      1. A pre-coat bolt、Is a bolt seal lock agent is applied to the threaded portion。
      2. Or tighten the pre-coat bolt again、Loosen、Or if the move is、Using the specified adhesive、Precoated。

■ Note ■

Torque check、Carried at the lower limit value of the tightening torque tolerance。

      1. If you want to reuse the pre-coated parts、Remove the old adhesive of bolts and threaded holes、Degreasing, such as white gasoline、Dried with compressed air、The designation of the seal lock agent is applied then the screw portion of the bolt、Tightened to the specified torque。
      2. Depending on the seal lock agent applied、There is a case that must be allowed to stand for a specified time until the cure。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd026130.gif

    1. gasket
      1. The gasket if necessary、Prevent the leakage by using a sealing agent。
    2. bolt、Nut and screw
      1. bolt、nut、Screw Check the tightening torque、Always use a torque wrench。
    3. Fuse Replacement,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rbe13670.gif

      1. If you want to change the fuse、To use a fuse of the same capacity。If you want to use the forced different capacity of the fuse、Using the lower than the specified ampacity of the fuse。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd278700.gif

    1. clip
      1. Common clips desorption of the body part shown in FIG.。

□ □ Reference

        • If the clip is damaged while working、Always be replaced with a clip of the new。
        • In illustrations △ mark clip、○ mark shows the nail place。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd255240.gif,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd255250.gif

    1. Jack up the vehicle、Jack down and support
      1. Jack up the vehicle、Jack down、Protect If you want to support the notes always。(jack、Section of the support position of the rigid rack and lift 01-15,mnh1/image/extxref.gifreference)
    2. Remove vacuum hose and attachment
      1. If you pull out the vacuum hose、Rather than at the center of the hose、Pull out with the end。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd250630.gif

      1. If you pull out the vacuum hose、As to be seen where to connect using the tag。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd250640.gif

      1. If you use a vacuum gauge、If the connector is too large、Not connect the hose。It is used for adjusting the adapter slightly smaller。When the hose will extend once、Which can result in air leakage。
    1. Tightening at the time of use extended tool torque wrench
      1. A combination of SST or tool to the torque wrench、If you tightened by extending the total length、Tightening up reading of the torque wrench is the value of the specified tightening torque、Actual tightening torque is excessive。
      2. The body、Describe only the specified tightening torque。SST、If you are using an extension tool、Seek the reading of the torque wrench by the formula。
      3. Calculating equation T '= T × L2 / (L1 + L2)
T’ Reading of the torque wrench [N · m {kgf · cm}]
T Defined tightening torque [N · m {kgf · cm}]
L1 The length of the SST or tool [cm]
L2 The length of the torque wrench [cm],mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd026120.gif,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd012010.gif

  1. Electrical system
    1. Desorption of the battery terminal
      1. If you do the work of the electrical system、In order to prevent the burnout by short、In advance to remove the negative battery terminal。
      2. If you want to desorption of the battery terminal、The ignition switch and the lighting switch to OFF、Completely loosen the nut of the terminal、Carried out so as not wrenched。
      3. Removing the battery terminal、clock、Since the memory, such as a radio and a diagnosis is to erase、To check the advance content。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd015550.gif

    1. Handling of electronic components
      1. Not open the ECU of the cover or case。(Touching the IC terminal、There is a possibility that the IC can be damaged by electrostatic discharge。)
      2. computer、Do not give a shock to the electronic components such as sensors and relays。Exchanges case that has been dropped。
      3. Not expose the electronic components in high temperature and high humidity。
      4. If you want to clean the engine with steam、Electronic components、Be careful so that the water is not applied directly to the air filter and the emission-related parts。
      5. Deformation and since due to there is a risk of defect occurrence static、Do not touch the connector terminal。
      6. Or remove such as temperature switches and temperature sensor using an impact wrench、Never or attachment。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd015560.gif

  1. Desorption of the fuel system parts
    1. Desorption work location of the fuel system parts
      1. Airy、Welding machine around、grinder、drill、To work with fire-free place, such as an electric motor and stove。
      2. Does not work in such a pit or near at risk of vaporized fuel is filled。
    2. Desorption of the fuel system parts
      1. Prepare a fire extinguisher before work starts。
      2. Because of static electricity prevention、Fuel changer、With the vehicle or the like and the fuel tank installing the ground wire、Sow the water to the extent that the foot does not slip。
      3. Electrical equipment, such as an electric pump and work lights、Not used because there is a possibility to become a high temperature skips or spark。
      4. Such as iron hammer、Do not use because the spark is likely to fly at the time of work。
      5. Deposited waste fuels fractionated treatment。
  2. Desorption of the engine intake system parts
    1. When a metal strip enters the intake path、An adverse effect such as in the engine body and the turbo charger。
    2. When performing the desorption operation of the intake system components、The opening of the intake part and the engine side has been removed、Closing in such a clean cloth or duct tape。
    3. When installing the intake system components、To make sure that there is no contamination, such as metal pieces。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd015630.gif

  1. The handling of the hose clamp
    1. Before removing the hose、Check the insertion depth and the clamping position of the hose、So that restoration can be performed to ensure。
    2. Clamp with or to deformation and is、To replace it with a new one。
    3. If you want to re-use the hose、Attach to fit a clamp to clamp traces of the hose。
    4. The leaf spring-loaded clamp、Adapt by applying a force in the direction of the arrow after mounting。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd015590.gif

  1. Mobile communication equipment mounting
    1. Antenna、Computer sensors, etc.、Attached to a location away as possible from the electronic systems of the vehicle。
    2. Antenna code、Computer sensors, etc.、Attaching minimum spacing of 20cm from the electronic system of the vehicle。
    3. Not together the antenna code and other wiring。Also、Antenna code and other wiring、As far apart as possible。
    4. With respect to retrofit products、Attach securely in accordance with the individual mounting manual procedures。
    5. Mobile communication equipment of high output、Do not install。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd200250.gif

  1. Head lamp MAINTENANCE
    1. When the discharge head lamp is lit、Do not touch absolutely high voltage socket part。
    2. If you want to use the cover at the time of head lamp lit、Carried out not more than 3 minutes。

■ Note ■

      1. To adhere to the attention of the inspection and maintenance during the discharge head lamp handling。(- see Note lighting system)
      2. Because the outer lens of the headlamp is made of resin、It is likely to be deformed by the heat for a prolonged period,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd312340.gif

  1. Traction control (TRC)
    1. Note at the time of two-wheel drum tester use
      1. Speedometer tester、When using the two-wheel drum tester such as speedometer tester and brake tester combination motor and chassis dynamometer、Measured from the TRC to the OFF state at the TRC OFF switch。

■ Note ■

TRC OFF is confirmed by the lighting of the warning lamp "TRC OFF" of the combination within the meter。

  1. VSC(Vehicle Stability Control)
    1. Notes on a drum tester use
      1. If you are using a drum tester、In order to prohibit the operation of the VSC、Be sure to start the engine while short-circuiting between the TS⇔CG terminal of DLC3 the IG switch in the OFF、Perform the measurement。

■ Note ■

        • To verify that the VSC warning light is flashing。
        • When the VSC is to restart the engine、VSC system is reset。
        • To fix the vehicle in a locked chain。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd254970.gif

    1. Note at the time of VSC relationship work
      1. VSC-related parts、There is a risk that the adjustment is mad by desorption、Not desorption except when necessary。
      2. If you do the work of the VSC relationship、Preparatory work according to the instructions of the body、Reliably performed, such as confirmation of the work completed。
  1. Note at the time of the back-guide monitor with vehicle inspection and maintenance
    1. Turning the handle in the ignition switch OFF、Since the steering angle neutral point is shifted、Or when the ignition switch is turned OFF so as not to turn the handle、To correct by the method of "deviation modification of the steering angle neutral point" in case you accidentally turn。
  2. Power window regulator of the reset (initialization)
    1. If you have made the work cormorant subjected to the following desorption、It is necessary to reset the power window regulator。
      1. Battery disconnection of the。
      2. Power window regulator switch, etc.、If you remove the parts of the power window relationship。
      3. Fuse of the power window (ECU-B,GAUGE,P / W) If you disconnected。

□ □ Reference

If you do not reset、AUTO working、Remote operation is not working due to prevention device and the master switch entrapment。

  1. Sly Day ring roof drive gear reset (motor) (initialization)
    1. If you have made the work cormorant subjected to the following desorption、It is necessary to reset the slide Day ring roof drive gear (motor)。    
      1. Battery disconnection of the。
      2. Sly Day ring roof, etc.、If you remove the parts of the slide Day ring roof relationship。

□ □ Reference

If you do not reset、AUTO working does not work。

  1. Note at the time of full-time 4WD vehicle inspection and maintenance

■ Note ■

Model with a tester (2-wheel only power absorption mechanism that only two-wheel of load setting mechanism:2-wheel chassis - dynamometer、2-wheel chassis - such as a dynamometer and a speedometer tester and brake tester combination machine) can not be used。

    1. Speedometer tester measurement procedure

■ Note ■

      1. Inspection is carried out in the front wheel。
      2. Sudden start、Sudden acceleration is not performed。
      3. Maximum speed is less than 60km / h。(Free roller when using the following 50km / h)
      4. Operation time is less than one minute。
      5. Drive over the front wheel on the roller。
      6. To free the rear wheel in a free roller or rigid rack。
      7. To fix the vehicle in a locked chain。
      8. Start the engine、Gradually measured by raising the vehicle speed in the D range。
      9. After completion of the measurement、And stops gradually decelerated by brake。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd312350.gif,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd312360.gif

    1. Brake tester measurement procedure

■ Note ■

      1. Tester with load measurement mechanism can not be used。
      2. Fast-type brake tester can not be used。
      3. Drive over the measurement wheels (the front or rear wheels) to the roller。
      4. The shift position to neutral。
      5. It is measured by driving the tester of roller。

□ □ Reference

If the drag force exceeds 10% of the axle load、And the left and right axis both jack up、To check the state of rotation of the wheel。If there is no abnormality、Not a problem due to the viscous torque of the viscous coupling。

    1. On-the-car balancer measurement procedure
      1. Four-wheel both jack-up in such a two-post lift。
      2. The suspension arm tip bottom of the left and right front wheels or left and right rear wheels to measure、And holds the set of the two pick up-stand。
      3. So that the vehicle is not inclined in the front and back by the pick-up stand、Support in rigid rack。
      4. To release the parking brake。
      5. Turn the each tire by hand、To make sure that there is no drag。
      6. To set the wheel balancer。
      7. Measured by a combination of driving by the roller of the drive and the wheel balancer by the engine。

■ Note ■

        • Start the engine、Increase the speed gradually in the D range。
        • Hard acceleration、It does not perform the rapid deceleration。
        • Deceleration is carried out gradually in the brake。
        • Enough attention to so that the vehicle does not move。
        • Measurements、To end as soon as possible。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd312370.gif

  1. Notes on towing of FF car
    1. Towing the forward direction while lifting also a front wheel or four-wheel。It should be noted、If you want to tow a four-wheel ground、Towing speed 30km / h or less、And within towing distance 80km。

■ Note ■

      1. If you want to tow in the ground state、Always towing predecessor direction。
      2. Towing speed、Adversely affect exceeds the drive distance、There is a risk of damage。
  1. Notes on towing of full-time 4WD vehicle
    1. Towing the forward direction while lifting in the four-wheel ground or four wheels。It should be noted、If there is an abnormality in the traveling system and a drive system、Carry in the state of lifting the four-wheel。
    2. Not the traction in a state in which the lifting only the front wheels or the rear wheels。

■ Note ■

      1. If you want to tow a four-wheel ground state、Always towing predecessor direction。
      2. Traction in a state where the lift only the front or rear wheel、Or drive is burned、There is a risk that the wheels pop out from the Trekker。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd312380.gif,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd312390.gif

    1. Towing、Performed by one of the methods shown in FIG.。,mnh1/x339/servinfo_ent/rd312400.gif

    1. When there is a failure in the chassis and drive train of the vehicle、Kyariyaka - the use。
Towing method Parking brake Transaxle shift lever position
Kyariyaka - Stake in are state OK at any position
Deterioration - Stake in are state OK at any position

■ Note ■

When towing、It does not take any way other than as shown in the。

  1. Catalytic converter with vehicle
    1. When a large amount of unburned gasoline flows into the converter、Cause overheating、Cause of the fire accident。In order to prevent such a thing、Protect the note below。
      1. To use only unleaded gasoline。
      2. If you need to make a spark inspection of the spark plug、Stop the fuel injection remove the connector of the injector。
      3. When performing compression pressure measurement engine、Stop the fuel injection remove the connector of the injector。
      4. Does not rotate the engine at the fuel tank is almost empty。When the rotation of the engine caused the misfire、It may take an additional load to the converter。